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2018年12月大學英語四級考試真題及答案解析

英語四六級  輔導課程  2018-12-16  【字體: 】  Gzu521.com    我要評論(0)

  四級考試聽力部分(一)

  一、News Report One

  1。主旨內容:

  科學家們想要在月球上安置一個設備,這樣就是史上第一次在月球上可提供移動信號,且月球網絡將支持月球和地球之間的高清視頻和數據流。

  2。參考原文:

  A device that weighs less than 1 kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network。 The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and the earth。 The network is part of a mission to the moon。 This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon。 The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon Nine Rocket in 2019。 Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon。 The scientists working on the project opted to build 4G rather than the fifth generation or 5G work。 This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface。

  Question 1。 What are scientists planning to do?

  Question 2。 Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission?

  3。解析:

  本篇新聞難度適中,第一題類似主旨題,問到了科學家的計劃,在新聞導語第一句即給出了本篇新聞的主旨內容,即在月球上安置一個可支持4G的設備。第二題是一道問原因的題目,答案即在最后兩句,關鍵詞because聽得十分清晰,聽到后繼續等待即是答案。

  二、News Report Two

  1。主旨內容:

  在一個在圣瑪麗亞教堂旁廢棄的購物中心晚上發生了火災事件。火災發生時,大樓內有一些人,但是并沒有發生傷亡時間。該購物中心自2002年以來一直沒有投入使用。2014年,市政廳制定了拆除建筑物的計劃,并將其替換為經濟適用房。 然而,由于缺乏資金,該計劃被取消。

  2。參考原文:

  Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood.The fire was reported at 9:26 p.m。 at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines,two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 Therewere some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again.The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。 In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。

  Question 3。 What does the news item say about the fire?

  Question4.What had City Hall planned to do?

  3。解析:

  本篇新聞考查的是主旨題加細節題。第一題針對新聞主旨題,答案出現在新聞第一句導語部分,所聽即所得即可。第二題考查市政廳之前的計劃,本該拆除的大樓由于資金匱乏沒有拆除,答案出現在最后兩句話,且有關鍵詞提示,難度不大。

  三、News Report Three

  1。主旨內容:

  去年風暴和洪水及其主要的馬鈴薯種植區造成了最嚴重的收成問題,使得日本在因馬鈴薯短缺后,薯片價格是正常價格的6倍。且因為對疾病的恐懼,日本法律限制馬鈴薯的進口數量,只允許來自美國選定州的馬鈴薯。

  2。參考原文:

  Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price.This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。 “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports.It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports.But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。

  Question 5。 What problem is Japan facing?

  Question 6。 Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  Question 7。 What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  3。解析:

  本篇首尾兩題答案出自于新聞的首尾,答案位置清晰,因此難度并不大。且最后一題有提示詞but,轉折之后的答案出現是考生需要重點注意的。

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